ANALISIS TINGKAT KEPARAHAN KEKERINGAN DAN UPAYA MITIGASI BENCANA HIDROLOGIS DI SUB DAS KRUENG JREUE ACEH BESAR

HelmiBasri, HairulSufardiHelmi

Abstract:

Drought is an act of nature most powerful on the availability of the water supply, both necessary for the benefit of agricultural and to human need.There are three phases of analysis to research the severity of this drought: (1) To identify station rainfall in the study areas. Monthly data precipitation using rain observation data ( 2005-2014) from 2 stations in Indrapuri and Jantho; (2) Analysis was conducted rainfall to get the drought meteorology of each station precipitation with the gauge standardized precipitation index ( SPI ); and (3) Analysis was conducted spline interpolate method index value dryness of each rainfall station to get scatter drought.The analysis by using the 3 monthly scale SPI method (SPI-3), The rainfall in 2005-2014 year had not a very dry because rainfall for 12 months from January until December for that 10 years, only on June-July-August (JJA) experienced dry conditions with the drought index averange among -0,80 until -1,00. The rest months September- October-November (SON), Desember-January-February (DJF) and March-April-May (MAM) in normal condition, with the -0,99-0,99 value range of the SPI.The hidrologis disaster mitigation may be done by structural (optimalize the development of the Krueng Jreue dam, rehabilitation and irrigation maintenance. Storage excess water in the rainy season for use in the dry season), and non structural (non structural to predict drought, reforestation, planting plant water saving, the use of mulch and organic matter)

LINGGA ISAQ HUNTING PARK AS A BASIS FOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT: A SOCIO-ECONOMIC STUDY

Cut Maila Hanum, Hadi Sukadi Alikodra, Agus Priyono Kartono, Rinekso Soekmadi

ABSTRACT


The management of conservation and socio economic condition of surrounding communities are always connected each other. The similar case can be found in Lingga Isaq Hunting Park (LIHP), one of the conservation areas located in Aceh Province. This study is aimed to examine socio-economic conditions of the community around LIHP as the basic data to improve the effectiveness of area management. Data were collected through a technical survey by interviewing 120 respondents who were randomly selected from two sub districts namely; Bintang and Linge where each sub district consists of three villages. The results showed that 52.57% of total community income is obtained from coffee plantation which planted within the LIHP area. The level of hunting park contribution to community income, indicates that the communities are highly relies on LIHP area. However, the level of community participation is very low either individually or as a group. The participation is limited to securing and maintaining the area from the forest fires. Local community wisdom is still applied in land clearing and hunting method within the area. Supervision, fostering partnership, relationships between communities and LIHP managers are required to improve community capacity and conservation awareness. As in return, it will reduce community dependence and utilization of LIHP’s land. This study also recommends the need to actively engage with non-governmental organisation or civil society as part of LIHP’s sustainable management. It is intended to improve community welfare and provide opportunities for local wisdom development in the management of LIHP.

KEYWORDS

Forest conservation; sustainable management; socio economic; Lingga Isaq Hunting Park



Sumber: http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/18050/14706

PENERIMAAN MAHASISWA BARU TA. 2019/2020



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